AGENTS of MASS DESTRUCTION ARE EVERYWHERE ON EARTH CAUSING EXTINCTIONS CRISIS
At the Center for Biological Diversity, they know the welfare of human beings is deeply linked to nature and the survival of vast diversity of wild life and plants life. Phytochemicals may not be essential for nutrition but they are essential to life’s biological activities.
AMPHIBIANS: Roughly 6,300 known species of amphibians are at risk of extinction (Wake et al., 2008). The current amphibian extinction rate may range from 25,039 to 45,474 times the background extinction rate (McCallum, 2007).
BEES: Pollinator decline and colony collapse disorder. From 1972 until 2006, there was a dramatic reduction in the number of feral honey bees in the US, which are now almost absent (Watanabe, 1994). Few ecological disasters have been as confounding as the massive and devastating die-off of the world’s honeybees. The phenomenon of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) in which disoriented honeybees die far from their hives has kept scientists, beekeepers, and regulators desperately seeking the cause of this disaster. After all, the honeybee, are nature’s ultimate utility player, pollinating a third of all the food supply and contributes to an estimated $15 billion in annual agriculture revenue to the U.S. economy.
The long list of possible suspects has included pests, viruses, fungi, and also pesticides, particularly so-called neonicotinoids, a class of neurotoxins that kills insects by attacking their central nervous systems (CNS). For years, the leading manufacturer, Bayer Crop Science, a subsidiary of the German pharmaceutical giant Bayer AG (BAYRY), has tangled with regulators and fended off lawsuits from angry beekeepers who allege that the pesticides are causative of disoriented and ultimately killed their bees (Eban, 2010).
BIRDS: A 2009 report on the state of birds in the USA found that 251 (31%) of the 800 species in the country are of conservation concern, globally. BirdLife International estimates that 12% of known 9,865 bird species are now considered threatened, with 192 species, or 2%, facing an “extremely high risk” of extinction in the wild — two more species than in 2008. Habitat loss and degradation have caused most of the bird declines, but the impacts of invasive species and capture by collectors play a big role, also.
FISH: Gender benders caused by plastic pollution in our ocean is increasing at an alarming rate. These non-specific gender fish are no longer able to fertilize female fish eggs thereby we are in the process of eradicating most fish and coral from our oceans and fresh water. Between gender benders and over fishing our waters it is predicted, at this rate, within the next decade they will be very little to no fish left including coral life! The greed of mass destruction are humans if you can call it that?
Fish in the North Pacific ingest 12,000 to 24,000 tons of plastic each year, which can cause intestinal injury and death and transfers plastic up the food chain to bigger fish and marine mammals.
Plastic pollution doesn’t just hurt marine species but is also harmful to humans. As plastic debris floats in our oceans, it absorbs dangerous pollutants like PCBs, DDT and PAH. These chemicals are highly toxic and have a wide range of chronic effects, including endocrine disruption and cancer-causing mutations. The concentration of PCBs in plastics floating in the ocean has been documented as 100,000 to 1 million times that of surrounding waters. When animals eat these plastic pieces, the toxins are absorbed into their body and passed up the food chain.
As plastics break down in the ocean, they also release toxic chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA), which does enter our food chains. When fish and other marine species mistake the plastic items for food, they ingest these particles and pass toxic chemicals through our food chain and ultimately to our dinner plates.
INVERTEBRATES: From butterflies to mollusks to earthworms to corals, all are vastly diverse. No one knows just how many invertebrate species exist; they’re estimated to account for about 97 percent of the total species of animals on Earth (Wolosz T. 1988). Of the 1.3 million known invertebrate species, the IUCN has evaluated about 9,526 species, approximately 30% of the species evaluated at risk of extinction. Freshwater invertebrates are severely threatened by water especially plastic pollution, groundwater withdrawal, and water projects. A large number of invertebrates of notable scientific significance have become either endangered or extinct due to deforestation, especially because of the rapid destruction of tropical rainforests. In the ocean, reef-building corals are declining at an alarming rate: 2008’s first-ever comprehensive global assessment of these animals revealed that a third of reef-building corals are threatened.
Plastic Paradise documentary by the journalist Angela Sun on Netflix is one of the most important documentaries of our time and should be viewed by everyone. http://plasticparadisemovie.com/
MAMMALS: Perhaps one of the most striking elements of the present extinction crisis is the fact that the majority of our closest relatives — the primates — are severely endangered. About 90% of primates — the group that contains monkeys, lemurs, lorids, galagos, tarsiers, and apes (as well as humans) — live in tropical forests, which are fast disappearing. The IUCN estimates that almost 50 percent of the world’s primate species are at risk of extinction. Overall, the IUCN estimates that half the globe’s 5,491 known mammals are declining in population and a fifth are clearly at risk of disappearing forever with no less than 1,131 mammals across the globe classified as endangered, threatened, or vulnerable. In addition to primates, marine mammals — including several species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises — are among those mammals slipping most quickly toward extinction.
PLANTS: Through photosynthesis, plants provide the oxygen we breathe and the food we eat and are thus the foundation of most life on Earth. They’re also the source of a majority of medicines in use today. Of the more than 300,000 known species of plants, the IUCN has evaluated only 12,914 species; of those evaluated about 68 percent are threatened with extinction.
Unlike animals, plants cannot readily move. This makes them particularly vulnerable to extinction as their habitat is being destroyed. Indeed, one study found that habitat destruction leads to an “extinction debt,” whereby plants that appear dominant will disappear over time because they aren’t able to disperse to new habitat patches (Tilman et al., 1994). Global warming is likely to substantially exacerbate this problem. Already, scientists say, warming temperatures are causing quick and dramatic changes in the range and distribution of plants around the world. With plants making up the backbone of ecosystems and the base of the food chain, that’s very bad news for all species, which depend on plants for food, shelter, and survival.
Unsound practices for medicinal plant harvest such as cutting an entire plant is also a cause for plant species extinction. Whereas embryonic plant extracts never results in plant species extinction.
REPTILES: According to the IUCN, globally 21 percent of the total evaluated reptiles in the world are deemed endangered or vulnerable to extinction, 594 species. In the United States, 32 reptile species are at risk, about 9 percent of the total. Island reptile species have been dealt the hardest blow, with at least 28 island reptiles having died out since 1600. But scientists say that island-style extinctions are creeping onto the main lands because human activities fragment continental habitats, creating “virtual islands” as they isolate species from one another, preventing interbreeding and hindering populations’ health. The main threats to reptiles are habitat destruction and the invasion of nonnative species, which prey on reptiles and compete with them for habitat and food.
It is no longer a point of contention or debate, it is absolutely mandatory to first identify what should never be present in the human body and then to proactive about it as part of preventive medicine.
Here is listed only a few examples of the many hundreds perhaps even thousands of pollutants we are exposed to day after day. However, the list would be too lengthy to enumerate especially with the amounts of pollutants increasing daily. Furthermore, there are other types of pollution – electricity pollution, magnetic-field pollution, everyday stress, and the two pounds of car emissions we breathe daily, to name just a few. It is my hope that in these modern times, new reality will inspire you to think about cleansing not only your external body but to periodically also cleanse the inside of your body for which we often take for granted. You could say that I have a conflict of interest since I am the founder of PSC but like any researcher, I needed my tools in order to conduct my research. I have spent 38 years looking for answers in nature, and I know from the results obtained from medicinal embryonic phytotherapy (MEPTM), it is the answer to my long search for effective nutritional and pharmacological agents. They have greatly improved the quality of life for anyone whom I have consulted with, even those with the most difficult cases. I am not a licensed physician; I am a consultant to licensed physicians all over the world. However, I will keep on studying medicine until the day we know everything about the human body. I will remain an advert undergraduate medical student of all medical specialties and a master medicinal phytotherapist.
Eban Katherine. What a scientist didn’t tell the New York Times about his study on bee deaths. Fortune, October 8, 2010. http://archive.fortune.com/2010/10/08/news/honey_bees_ny_times.fortune/index.htm.
McCallum, Malcolm L. 2007. Amphibian decline or extinction? Current declines dwarf background extinction rate. Journal of Herpetology 41(3): 483–491. Copyright Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.
Tilman, D., R. May, C. L. Lehman, M. A. Nowak. 1994. Habitat destruction and the extinction debt. Nature 371:65–66.
Wake, D. B. and V. T. Vredenburg. 2008. Are we in the midst of the sixth mass extinction? A view from the world of amphibians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105: 11466–11473. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2008/08/08/0801921105.
Watanabe, M. (1994). “Pollination worries rise as honey bees decline”. Science 265 (5176): 1170. DOI:10.1126/science.265.5176.1170. PMID 17787573 [PubMed].
Wolosz T. 1988. How Many Species are There? Center for Earth & Environmental Sciences, SUNY at Plattsburgh.