NOTE: These indications are only for use with embryonic plant stem cell tissues. Adult plants do not have the same constituents, actions or applications in most cases.
Hawthorn is a hairless, thorny, deciduous shrub commonly found in Europe, western Asia, North America, and North Africa. It grows as high as 30 feet and adapts to a wide range of growing conditions. Its multi-lobed leaves bear white or pink, dense clusters of fragrant flowers followed by fruits in September that resemble cherries. The fruit can be eaten fresh or dried, used in cooking, made into jam, or brewed into wine.
This tree’s wood is known for its durability and has numerous uses. It is often used for making small articles, such as handles for tools, boxes, and combs.
Abstracts of Published Research on Hawthorn – Crataegus Oxyacantha:
Phytother Res. 2009 Jan;23(1):33-40
Preclinical toxicological assessment of a phytotherapeutic product–CPV (based on dry extracts of Crataegus oxyacantha L., Passiflora incarnata L., and Valeriana officinalis L.).Tabach R, Rodrigues E, Carlini EA.
2. Vascul Pharmacol. 2008 Oct-Dec;49(4-6):173-7. Epub 2008 Aug 8.
Synergistic effect of tincture of Crataegus and Mangifera indica L. extract on hyperlipidemic and antioxidant status in atherogenic ratsAkila M, Devaraj H.
3. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Sep 10;56(17):7700-9. Epub 2008 Aug 13.
Anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, free-radical-scavenging, and antimicrobial activities of hawthorn berries ethanol extract.Tadić VM, Dobrić S, Marković GM, Dordević SM, Arsić IA, Menković NR, Stević T.4.
4. Ceska Slov Farm. 2007 Apr;56(2):85-9.
An orientational examination of the effects of extracts from mixtures of herbal drugs on selected renal functio nsMasteiková R, Klimas R, Samura BB, Savickas A, Samura BA, Belaij SI, Samura IB, Rabisková M, Chalupová Z, Bernatoniene J.
5. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2005 Apr;30(8):634-40
Crataegus oxyacantha (aubepine) in the use as herb medicine in FranceJu LY
6. Curr Med Res Opin. 2004 Jan;20(1):63-71.
Double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a fixed combination containing two plant extracts (Crataegus oxyacantha and Eschscholtzia californica) and magnesium in mild-to-moderate anxiety disorders.Hanus M, Lafon J, Mathieu M.
7. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(5):363-9.
A randomised double blind placebo controlled clinical trial of a standardised extract of fresh Crataegus berries (Crataegisan) in the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure NYHA II.Degenring FH, Suter A, Weber M, Saller R
8. J Clin Pharmacol. 2003 Jun;43(6):637-4
Interaction study between digoxin and a preparation of hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha).Tankanow R, Tamer HR, Streetman DS, Smith SG, Welton JL, Annesley T, Aaronson KD, Bleske BE.
9. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2002 Mar 1;59(5):417-22.
Hawthorn: pharmacology and therapeutic uses.Rigelsky JM, Sweet BV.
10. Phytomedicine. 2001 Jan;8(1):47-52.
Search for potential angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors from plants.Lacaille-Dubois, Franck U, Wagner H.
Al, Co, Cr, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, P, Se, Si, Ti, Zn.
Vitamins and Minerals:
B-1, B-2, B-3, C, Calcium, Choline.
(Kaempferol 7-Hepta Hydroxyavanbioside 3, 5, 7, 4′-Tetrahydroxyflavone), Acantolic-Acid, Acetyl-Choline, Acetyl-Vitexin-4’-Rhamnoside, Adenine, Adenosine, Aminopurine, Amygdalin, Anthocyanins, Apigenin, Apigenin-7-O-glucoside Arbutin, Ascorbic-Acid, Auxins (IAA), Beta-Carotene, Beta-Phenethylamine, Beta-Sitosterol, Brassinosteroids (BR), Caffeic-Acid, Catechin, Catechol, Chlorogenic-Acid, Citric-Acid, Crataegolic Acid, Cytokinins (CK), Dimethylamine, Epicatechin, Esculin, Ethanolamine, Ethylamine, Fiber, Gallic acid, Gibberellins (GA),Glucose, Guanine, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, Hyperoside, Isoamylamine, Isobutylamine, Isobutylamide, Jasmonic acid (JA), Lauric-Acid, L-Epicatechol, Leucoanthocyanidin, Linoleic-Acid, Lipase, Luteolin, luteolin-3′, 7-diglucoside, Meristems plant stem cells (PSC), Nonacosan-10-Ol, Octacosane, O-Methoxy-Beta-Phenethylamine, Palmitic-Acid, Pectin, Phlobaphene, Procyanidin, Protocatechuic acid, Quercetin-3-Rhamnogalactoside, Quercitrin, Rutin, Salicylates (SA), Sorbitol, Starch, Trans-Crataegolic-Acid, Trimethylamine, Tyramine, Ursolic-Acid, Vitexin, Vitexin-4’-Rhamnoside, Vitexin-4’, L-Rhamno-D-Glucoside Vitexin-4’, 7-Di-D-Glucoside, two new compound were found; 11,12-dimethoxy-3,4-furo-1,2-naphthoquinone and 11,12-dimethoxy-5-hydroxy-3,4-furo-1,2-naphthoquinone.
Eudesmanolide (sesquiterpene lactones)
Its constituents highlight the importance of flavones and flavonoids in many remedies that have a healing impact upon the cardio vascular system. There are 2 main groups:
1. flavonoids – flavonoglycosyls, hyperoside, rutin
2. oligomeric procyanadins, 1-epicatechol.
This invaluable heart remedy does not contain cardiac glycosides.
Contrary to adult herb, Hawthorn Buds combine all the medicinal activity of the fruit for (heart muscle) and the flower for (heart rate). It appears clearly that the therapeutic effect of the bud combines and concentrates the totality of the effects found in different parts of the adult plant as used in conventional phytotherapy.
If you are currently being treated with any of the following medications, you should not use Hawthorn without first talking to your healthcare provider:
Digoxin Hawthorn may enhance the activity of digoxin, a medication used for irregular heart rhythms.
Phenylephrine In a laboratory study, an alcoholic extract of Hawthorn fruit counteracted the effects of phenylephrine, a medication that constricts blood vessels and is commonly found in nasal decongestant products. However, this interaction has not been studied in people. Therefore, the relevance of this interaction to people is unknown at this time.
Plant Stem Cell Therapy:
Polycrest all! Our Beta Blocker Alternative without side effects
Do not use with Horsetail – Equisetum Arvense (young shoots). Also do not use Hawthorn in people afflicted with an acute gout condition since it contains many amides which will increase the toll of uric acid in the kidneys.
Superior to Digitalis without toxic side effects. Polycrest Heart. Detoxifies the heart & reinforces the contractility of the heart. Sedative of the central nervous system. Positive inotropic action. The actions are predominantly at the repolarization phase of the ECG and the correction of the S-T space. Potentiates the action of Digitalis. Exercise caution in the amount used of this bud in combination with Digitalis. Even a small amount will reduce the amount needed of Digitalis. With careful monitoring, after a short time, it will be possible to replace digitalis altogether with Hawthorn – Crataegus Oxycantha. Warning: Must discontinue 3 days prior to an ECG test since it will make the ECG appear normal although there may be a problem masked by this bud’s effect.
Cardio Vascular System:
β-blocker (beta adrenergic receptor antagonist). Angina, Arrhythmias,
Tachycardia, Bipolar action; Hypertension – Hypotension blood pressure regulator, Cardiac Insufficiency, Arteriosclerosis, Shortness of Breath, Pericardial Anxieties and spasms, Extra systolic, Reduces Cholesterol, Cardiac tonic and sedative. Post Infarctus. Senile Heart. Fatigued heart. Pericardial anxieties. Raynaud’s Syndrome, Edema of the legs without the side effects of diuretics disturbances of the electrolytes. Cardiac Tonic. Normo tensor and regulator of the vascular system. For hypertension you may need to use up to 30 drops 3 x a day.
For palpitation in Hyperthyroidism.
GI – Digestive System:
Bulimia, Ponderal surcharge.
Alzheimer’s, Cognitive Function and Reflexes.
Psychiatry & Nervous System:
Depression, Existential depression, sympathetic, balances the vagus-sympathetic, anti-anxiety, anguish, central nervous system & cardiac sedative.