RASPBERRY – RUBUS IDAEUS

Click to purchase Raspberry – Rubus Idaeus

Part Used:


Young Shoots

NOTE: These indications are only for use with embryonic plant stem cell tissues. Adult plants do not have the same constituents, actions or applications in most cases.

Rubus idaeus is a prickly stemmed, deciduous shrub that is native to Europe and grows 6 ft tall. It is a perennial plant which bears biennial stems, known as “canes,” from its perennial root system. These prickly canes are reddish green and become brown and scaly as they age. The Rubus idaeus is in leaf from April to November. Its serrated, alternate leaves are 5 to 8 inches long and have green tops with nearly white undersides and are covered with very fine prickles or glandular hairs. Its cup shaped white flowers are in bloom from June to August, and its edible red berries ripen in late summer.

Common uses include cosmetics, dye, paper.

A fiber obtained from the stems is used in making paper. The stems are harvested in the summer after the fruit has been eaten, at which time the leaves are removed and the stems are steamed until the fibers can be stripped. The fibers are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then hand beaten with mallets or ball milled for 3 hours. The paper is light brown in color.
A decongestant facemask made from the fruit is used cosmetically to soothe reddened skin.

Phytotherapy Indications: Anti-inflammatory; Astringent; Birthing aid; Cardiac; Decongestant; Oxytoxic. Antiemetic.
The leaves and roots are anti-inflammatory, astringent, decongestant, ophthalmic, oxytocic (accelerating childbirth by stimulating uterine contractions), and stimulant. A tea made from them is used in the treatment of diarrhea, as a tonic for the uterus to strengthen pregnant women, and as an aid in childbirth. The tea has also been shown to be effective in relieving painful menstrual cramps. The active ingredients both stimulate and relax the uterus. They can be used during the last 3 months of pregnancy and during childbirth, but should not be used earlier. Externally, the leaves and roots are used as a gargle to treat tonsillitis and mouth inflammations, and as a poultice and wash to treat sores, conjunctivitis, minor wounds, burns and varicose ulcers. The leaves are harvested in the summer and dried for later use.

The fruit is anti-scorbutic and diuretic. Fresh raspberry juice, mixed with a little honey, makes an excellent refrigerant beverage to be taken in the heat of a fever. Made into a syrup, it is said to have a beneficial effect on the heart
Young shoots are edible when peeled and eaten raw or when cooked like asparagus. They are harvested as they emerge through the ground in the spring and whilst they are still tender.

Red Raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus) has an affinity for the female reproductive system. Also known as Bramble and Hindberry, red raspberry aids the menstruating woman as it helps to bring balances into the menstrual cycle and will help alleviate excessive bleeding. It has even been used in the past when recovering from sexual trauma and abuse. The fruit is rich in nutrients and iron and is helpful in the treatment of anemia.

The primary properties of this herb are considered to be alterative, anti-abortifacient, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, haemostatic, hormonal regulator, hypotensive, kidney tonic, nutritive, parturient, prostate tonic, uterine tonic, and yin tonic.
Raspberry leaf is considered a supreme tonic for pregnant women to consume during their 9 months to tone the uterus, nourish themselves and the growing baby, prevent miscarriage, and facilitate birth and placental delivery. When used after birthing, it can decrease uterine swelling and minimize postpartum hemorrhaging. Make sweetened raspberry leaf tea popsicles to suck on during labor to facilitate the birthing process and provide nutrients. Red raspberry is also considered a mild remedy for diabetes, and even helps infants with diarrhea. This is a universal remedy that is used to benefit women in many nations.

Raspberry leaves and fruit can benefit visual acuity when used for a period of time. Known topical applications have been included as a mouthwash for sores, eyewash for discharge, douche for leucorrhea, and hair rinse for dark hair. The leaves have been stuffed into cotton cloths to be used as absorbable menstrual pads.


Abstracts of Published Research on Raspberry – Rubus Idaeus:


1. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Sep 11. [Epub ahead of print] Antioxidant properties of raspberry seed extracts on micronucleus distribution in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Gođevac D, Tešević V, Vajs V, Milosavljević S, Stanković M.

2.Prev Vet Med. 2009 Aug 1;90(3-4):268-73. Epub 2009 May 31.
Medicinal plants used in British Columbia, Canada for reproductive health in pets. Lans C, Turner N, Brauer G, Khan T.

3. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Feb 13;56(3):627-9. Epub 2008 Jan 23.
Berry fruits: compositional elements, biochemical activities, and the impact of their intake on human health, performance, and disease. Seeram NP.

4.Biofactors. 2005;23(4):197-205.
Identification and dietary relevance of antioxidants from raspberry. Beekwilder J, Hall RD, de Vos CH.

5.Life Sci. 2005 May 27;77(2):194-204. Epub 2005 Feb 25.
Anti-obese action of raspberry ketone. Morimoto C, Satoh Y, Hara M, Inoue S, Tsujita T, Okuda H.

6.Curr Med Chem. 2004 Jun;11(11):1501-12.
Therapeutic constituents and actions of Rubus species. Patel AV, Rojas-Vera J, Dacke CG.


Oligo-elements:


B, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, P, Se, Si, Ti, Zn.


Vitamins and Minerals:


A, B-1, B-2, B-3, C, Calcium, E, Folacin.


Phytochemical Constituents:


Acetic-Acid, Alkaloid (Fragarine), Alpha-Carotene, Alpha-Tocopherol, Ascorbic-Acid, Ascorbic-Acid, Benzaldehyde, Benzoic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Beta-Ionone, Butyric-Acid, Caffeic-Acid, Caprylic-Acid, Cinnamyl-Alcohol, Citric Acid, Coumaric Acid, Cyanidin-3-Rutinoside, Cyanin, Ellagic-Acid, Ethanol, Ethyl-Acetate, Farnesol, Flavonoids, Ferulic-Acid, Fiber, Furfural, Gallic-Acid, Geraniol, Kaempferol, Lactic-Acid, Lutein, Malic-Acid, Maltol, P-Cresol, Pectin, Polypeptides, Quercetin, Salicylic-Acid, Sesquiterpenes, Tannin, Valerianic-Acid.

Ellagic acid, a phenolic compound that exhibits anti-carcinogenic effects against a wide range of carcinogens in several tissues. Ellagic acid contributes to a significant inhibition of colon, esophageal, liver, lung, tongue and skin cancers in studies with rats and mice. Also contain coumaric and ferulic acids. Also, quercetin, one of the flavonols found in raspberries, has been found to be an effective anti-carcinogen against skin, colon and mammary cancers in rodents. Anthocyanins are also prevalent in raspberries working as antioxidants to protect against heart disease and age related mental decline. Raspberries have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-yeast properties.

Quercetin is the primary flavonol found in raspberries. It has been found to be a potent anti-carcinogen against skin, colon and mammary cancers in rodents. Quercetin may also inhibit the induction and progression of human cancers. The types of anthocyanins present are primarily cyanidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-sophoroside, cyanidin-3-rutinoside, cyanidin-3-glucosylrutinoside. Phenolics – Catechins, benzoic acid and cinnamic acid are phenolic acids present in raspberries.


Plant Stem Cell Therapy Indications:
Polycrest all, Mainly a Female Remedy


Ob Gyn/Reproductive System:


Polycrest Female; Regulates Ovarian Function by stimulating both the secretion of estrogen & progesterone great regulator. Amenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea, PMS, Hyperfolliculinic, Peri-Menopause & Menopause. Hot Flashes. Menorrhagia & Hematuria. Low Libido, Frigidity. Mastopathy, Fibrocystic Breast Disease. Reduces Pilosity (Hirsutism). Ovarian Hyalinosis, Ovarian Cyst. Uterine antispasmodic. Puberty Female Hypogonadic development. Chronic inflammations. Uterine Fibroids. Endometriosis. Uterine Antispasmodic during Child Birth. Inhibitor of Uterine Action due to the alkaloid fragarine allay the pains of labor and dysmenorrhea diminished uterine contractions frequency and strength and to eliminate secondary contractions. Relaxation of uterine muscle the constituent that contributes to the plant’s potency as a pregnancy tonic. It increases fertility. Eases morning sickness, and assists in plentiful breast milk production. Professor J H Burn & Mr. Withell discovered fragarine alkaloids in 1940.

References: Br Med J. 1941 September 13; 2(4210): 370–371.

It “the best all-around herb for a healthy pregnancy. It’s a nourishing, building herb that has an affinity for the reproductive system.”

Fragarine (alkaloid) : Inhibitor of Uterine Action allay the pains of labor and dysmenorrhea diminished uterine contractions frequency and strength and to eliminate secondary contractions. Relaxation of uterine muscle the constituent that contributes to the plant’s potency as a pregnancy tonic. It increases fertility. Eases morning sickness, and assists in plentiful breast milk production. Professor J H Burn & Mr. Withell discovered fragarine alkaloids in 1940.

References: Br Med J. 1941 September 13; 2(4210): 370–371.

Contradictions an Indications: If you have a history of miscarriage, some herbalists recommend that you should delay using the common variety of red raspberry (Rubus ideas) by itself, especially as a tincture, not generally recommend it in the first trimester. Because of its use in pregnancy and child birth, raspberry leaf has undergone extensive research. This research confirms that raspberry leaf is an effective aid in childbirth. It shortens labor and women who took raspberry leaf also experience fewer deliveries that required intervention such as forceps and vacuum delivery as well as caesarean section. Raspberry leaf has also proved effective.


Hematology Oncology:


inhibition of cervical, colon, esophageal, liver, lung, mammary, tongue and skin cancers.Raspberries have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-yeast properties. Despite substantial growth inhibitory properties, ellagic acid did not significantly affect epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR phosphorylation in human colon carcinoma cells HT29 cells up to 100 microM.
Ellagic acid binds cancer-causing chemicals, thus making them inactive. It inhibits the ability of other chemicals to cause mutations in bacteria. In addition to that, it prevents binding of carcinogens to DNA and reduces the incidence of cancer in cultured human cells exposed to carcinogens.

Ellagic Acid is present in all parts of the raspberry, but it is most highly concentrated in the young shoots and seed.
Plants produce ellagic acid and convert it to a form of tannin known as ellagitannins. These are glucosides which are readily hydrolyzed by water to regenerate ellagic acid when the plants are eaten. Ellagic acid is also a primary constituent of several tannin bearing plants which produce the category of tannins known as gallotannins. These, when hydrolyzed by water give rise to ellagic acid and gallic acid.

Ellagic acid seems to be a good preventative, but not a supremely strong tumor remover. Therefore, it seems that it would be a good addition to a cancer regiment, but is not an effective stand alone treatment.


Infectious Diseases:


Ellagic Acid Bacteria require us the enzyme gyrase in order to reproduce. Ellagic Acid inhibits the gyrase enzyme and bacteria cannot easily become resistant to this type of antibacterial action.

Viruses do not have the ability to reproduce by themselves. They must use a host cell from our body. This requires an enzyme called integrase and Ellagic Acid inhibits this enzyme also.


Cardio Vascular System:


Post menopausal Female Atherosclerosis.


GI – Digestive System:


Enterocolitis. Raspberry Ketone decreased the amounts of fat accumulated in the liver due to the high fat diet, thereby improvingfatty liver. The researchers concluded that this obesity preventing and reducing effect was due to the potentiation of the norepinephrine-induced lipolysis (fat breakdown) in fat cells.


Nervous System:


Maltol and ethymaltol, seem to be responsible for much of the anti-anxiety effects. In various research studies, maltol and ethymaltol have demonstrated central nervous system sedatio(calming and relaxing), and at very high doses, anticonvulsant activity (decreased muscle spasms).


Dermatology:


Female Hormonal exacerbated Acne.