The nose is what allows us to breathe. To breathe well, it is very important to preserve the air-conditioning and filtering functions of the nose. The nose is BIOESSENTIAL, BUT TOO OFTEN NEGLECTED and TAKEN for GRANTED, whose importance becomes abundantly clear when it is completely blocked or congested.
- Breathing is a bio essential function: we cannot stop ourselves from breathing.
- We breathe automatically we don’t even need to think about it and yet this is an act that keeps us alive. Conscious breathers enjoy this life force.
- Breathing is the function that draws in air from the atmosphere and supplies it to the lungs. The nose is the outermost extremity of the respiratory tract.
Smell and Taste
The nose plays a part in our sense of smell and taste. The scientific term for smell is olfaction, and the system by which we smell is known as the olfactory system. The mucous membrane lining the upper surface of the nasal fossae contains the nerve endings of the olfactory organs, with some 5 million olfactory receptors. Thanks to their sensitivity, a human being can distinguish 3,000 smells.
When molecules enter the nasal fossae they disperse into the fine liquid coating mucous membrane of the nasal fossae and bind to the olfactory receptors. A nerve impulse is triggered and sends a message to the temporal lobes of the brain by way of the olfactory nerves. As soon as the brain has decoded the information, the smell is perceived.
A number of factors play a role in the making of sounds, in vocalization and speech:
- Air: Source of Energy
- The vocal cords in the larynx: the vibratory organ
- The tongue and lips: secondary vibratory organs
- The facial cavities: mouth, pharynx, sinuses and nasal fossa, amplify and shape the sounds produced by the larynx.
- The nasal fossa act as resonating boxes.
- The nervous system controls and synchronizes all these various factors.
First Line of Defense
The nose, unlike any other organ, plays a role in respiration by acting as an airway. Sensitive, fragile; its internal lining, the nasal mucosa, is lined with cilia and fulfills two functions:
- As an air-conditioner – the nasal mucosa warms and moistens cold air on its way into the body.
- As a filter – the cilia lining the mucosa filter out any substances carried in the air and capture any particles it may carry. When the filtering action of the cilia is insufficient, the cells of the nasal mucosa produce mucus, a sticky liquid that traps any impurities.
By conditioning and filtering the air, the nose acts as the body’s first line of defense against external agents that are potentially dangerous to our organism: microbes, pollution, smoke, dust, etc. 15,000 liters of air pass through the nose every day, so the challenge is by no means a minor one!
If the nasal mucosa dries out, or if the cilia are dirty and clogged, they can no longer efficiently protect us against external agents. This breach in our defenses makes us more vulnerable to colds, rhino pharyngitis and allergic rhinitis. Regular cleansing of the nose helps to restore the nasal mucosa and thus allows the nose to do its work properly.
The first step in nasal hygiene is: clear the nose. Blowing the nose is the first method to adopt when you feel your nose is blocked. How should this be done? Blow through each nostril separately, blocking one nostril while the other blows. Use paper tissues (and not cotton hankies) once only to avoid recontamination each time they are re-used. Throw the used tissue into a dustbin: don’t leave it lying around to risk spreading germs.
The second step in nasal hygiene is: cleanse the nose. Cleanse the nose regularly with an isotonic sea water solution or make your own 1 part of Celtic sea salt with 9 parts of lukewarm distilled water and dissolved well then either use a Neti Pot or just the palm of your hand to sniff up to the back of your throat gently you can do this only 2 times daily AM and PM irrigating with salt too often can be irritating.
Another Method which is non-irritating is to use of the natural sweetener Xylitol from the Birch tree. Take 1 part of Xylitol with 9 parts of lukewarm distilled water and dissolved well then either use a Neti Pot or just the palm of your hand to sniff up to the back of your throat gently you can do this as needed.
Yet another great product is ALKALOL which is a natural alkaline saline solution and that you can get in your local pharmacy. Follow the directions on the bottle. This is used when having more complicated nose problems.
- Anosmia describes a complete loss of smell.
- Hyposmia describes a diminished olfactory sensitivity.
- Hyperosmia a heighten odor sensitivity.
- Phantosmia which refers to an olfactory perception imaginary odor source is present olfactory hallucination they may occur intermittent or constant.
- Parosmia is typically associated with decreased olfactory sensitivity. This type of patients finds these sensations to be unpleasant, sometimes even fecal.
Approximately two thirds of patients with olfactory loss not only complain of decreased olfactory function, but also of taste loss, and approximately 10% of patients with olfactory disorders complain of gustatory loss only. However, a major decrease in gustatory function is only present in less than 5% of patients with chemosensory disorders. More recent data, however, indicate that olfactory loss is also accompanied by a gradual loss of both trigeminal and gustatory function. While the reason for this is unclear, it has been shown that the chemical senses exhibit mutual interactions, both at peripheral and central nervous levels.
Accordingly, signs of depression have been reported to be present in approximately two thirds of patients reporting qualitative olfactory dysfunction.
Etiology of Olfactory Dysfunction
There are Five Major Causes of Olfactory Disorders;
- Head injury; Shearing of olfactory filaments at the cribriform plate. Epithelial degeneration.
- Infections of the Upper Respiratory Tract (URI); viral destruction of olfactory epithelium.
- Sino-Nasal Disease; Polyps, secondary edema due to local inflammatory processes.
- Antibiotics or other Rx drugs induced.
- Sniffing of recreational drugs; Cocaine abuse, Crystal Methamphetamine, Heroin etc; destroys the turbinate’s.
Among patients who present themselves with chemosensory disorders these three etiologies account for approximately 60% of the underlying causes, each of them for approximately 20%.
Other Causes of Olfactory Disorders:
- In both, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, loss of olfactory sensitivity is thought to be among the earliest signs of the disease.
- Congenital anosmia or exposure to toxic substances.
- Schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy, sarcoidosis, lupus, multiple chemical sensitivities, pregnancy, diabetes, hypothyroidism, renal failure, liver disease, olfactory meningiomas, and neoplasm’s cancer of the brain.
- Rhinoplasty, neurosurgery, radiation or drug therapy. In an additional 20% of the patients, a cause for the chemosensory disturbance cannot be identified (idiopathic).
Within the general population, difficulties to adequately judge olfactory function/dysfunction are frequently found, and, consequently, many patients would not seek professional advice, even if olfactory function was seriously compromised.
We have a very simple and most effective protocol that more often than not restores the olfactory system back to normal keep reading a topical and systemic protocol.
Most people recognize the values of olfactory function only after it has been lost. Although olfactory function is important as a warning system which may alert individuals to poisonous fumes, leaking gases, or spoiled foods, or in interpersonal communication, its loss is mostly expressed in terms of a severe decrease of the quality of life.
Temmel and colleagues reported that almost all of the investigated patients (n=278) reported difficulties in daily life due to their olfactory disorder.
- 77% Considered that quality of life in general had deteriorated after the onset of their dysfunction.
- 73% Complained of difficulties with cooking.
- 68% Mood changes.
- 56% Decreased appetite.
- 50% Eating of rotten food.
- 41% Little perception of own body odor.
- 30% Burning food.
- 8% Problems at work.
(Temmel AF, 2002).
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Restores the Olfactory Epithelium System. Antibiotic – Antibacterial due to its Endophytic Fungi present on the plant. Nasal Decongestant. Ensures healing of damaged mucosal surfaces and relieving respiratory spasm, Allergies, Mild antihistamine, Cough – Antitussive, Sinusitis acute & chronic, Rhino pharyngitis, Chronic Bronchitis, Spasmodic Rhinitis, and Epistaxis (nose bleeds). Restores the superior nasal concha of the nasal passages dissolve in the mucus lining the superior portion of the cavity and are detected by olfactory receptors on the dendrites of the olfactory sensory neurons.
This may occur by diffusion or by the binding of the odorant to odorant binding proteins. The mucus overlying the epithelium contains mucopolysaccharides, salts, enzymes, and antibodies (these are highly important, as the olfactory neurons provide a direct passage for infection to pass to the brain). Th2-originated IL-4 and IL-5 levels responsible for the allergic inflammatory response Carpinus Inhibits interleukin 4 and 5 and Th1-originated IL-12 are increased. Moreover, eosinophils, which are important effector cells of the inflammatory response, are decreased in the microenvironment. As a result, Beta Glucan plays a role as an adjuvant for the treatment in patients with Allergic Rhinitis AR.
Hornbean Excellent for restoring Anosmia, Parageusia, Parosmia, and Ageusia: The tongue can detect only sweet, salty, sour, and bitter tastes. Much of what is perceived as “taste” is actually smell. People who have taste problems often have a smell disorder that can make it hard to identify a food’s flavor. (Flavor is a combination of taste and smell.)
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Temmel AF, Quint C, Schickinger-Fischer B, Klimek L, Stoller E, Hummel T. Characteristics of olfactory disorders in relation to major causes of olfactory loss. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 2002;128:635-641.