YARROW – ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM

Click to purchase Yarrow – Achillea Millefolium

Part Used: 


Young Shoots

The name yarrow applies to any of roughly 80 species of daisy plants native to the north temperate zone. A. millefolium L. has finely divided leaves and whitish, pink, or reddish flowers. It can grow up to 3 feet in height. This hardy perennial weed blooms from June to November. Golden yarrow is Eriophyllum confertiflorum. Closely related to the Chamomiles.

Yarrow is native to Europe and Asia and has been naturalized in North America. Its use in food and medicine is ancient, dating back to the Trojan War, around 1200 BC. In legend, Achilles used it on the Centaur’s advice, hence the name. In classical times, yarrow was referred to as “herba militaris” because it stopped bleeding wounds received in war. Yarrow leaves have been used for tea, and young leaves and flowers have been used in salads. Infusions of yarrow have served as cosmetic cleansers and medicines. Sneezewort leaves ( A. ptarmica ) have been used in sneezing powder, while those of A. millefolium have been used for snuff. Yarrow has been used therapeutically as a “strengthening bitter tonic” and astringent. Chewing fresh leaves has been suggested to relieve toothaches. Yarrow oil has been used in shampoos for a topicalhealing effect. Compost activator It is also considered directly beneficial to other plants, improving the strength and health of sick plants when grown near them. Yarrow repels ants, flies, and Japanese beetles and attracts beneficial insects such as parasitic wasps and ladybird beetles.

A day or two of hateful feelings, achy bones, poor concentration, fatigue, and a general desire to crawl under a rock where no one can find you usually precede coughs and colds. If one takes action instead of crawling under a rock, coughs and colds can be avoided. To avoid a cold fighting its way into your body emergency medicine is required. The emergency tonic to be used in this case is yarrow, a universal agent to heal-all which has been used for thousands of years as a cold stopper.
Yarrow’s scientific name hints of a legendary use. Achilles’ famous heel is said to have been healed when yarrow was applied to it. When studying herbal medicine it is useful to examine the mythical legends attached to medicinal plants. They will tell you something. In the ancient world, yarrow was seen as a potent healing agent, whether applied to a wound, or taken internally to prevent a cold setting in. Yarrow was the preferred domestic medicine of yesteryears’ mothers who kept it around to keep coughs and colds at bay.


Oligo-elements:


Al, Cr, Co, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, P, Se, Si, Ti, Zn.


Vitamins and Minerals:


B-1, B-2, B-3, C, Calcium, Choline, Folic Acid, Inositol.


Phytochemical Constituents


Achiceine (alkaloid), Achillein (said to be identical to Aconitic Acid), Achilletin, Achillin, Achillifolin, Alkaloids, Alkanes, Allo-Ocimene, Alpha-Amyrin, Apigenin, Arabinose Artemetin, AsparagineAuxins (IAA)Azulene 0%-0.714%, Balchanolide, Beta-carotene Betaine, Beta-amyrin, Beta-Sitosterol, Betonicine, β-bisabolene, α-bisabolol, Borneol 0.0006%-0.0275%, Bornyl-acetate, Brassinosteroids (BR), Cadinene, 0.00002%-0.0008%, Caffeic Acid, Campesterol, Camphene 0.0015%-0.06%, Camphor 0.0045%-0.178%, Caryophyllene 0.0004%-0.016%, Casticin, Cerotinic Acid, Chamazulene 50%, Cholesterol, 1,8-Cineole, Cinole 9%, Copaene 0.00015%-0.006%, Coumarins, Cymene 0.0009%-0.037%, Cytokinins (CK), Deacetylmatricarine, Dihydroparthenolide, Eugenol, Formic Acid, Furfural, Galactose, Gibberellins (GA), Glucose, Heptadecane, Herniarin, Humulene 0.00005%-0.0022%, Inulin, Isopaulitin, Isorhamnetin, Isovaleric Acid, Jasmonic acid (JA), Lactones, Limonene 0.0004%-0.017%, Linoleic Acid, Luteolin, Mannitol, Menthol, Meristems plant stem cells (PSC)Millefin, Moschatine, Myrcene 0.00005%-0.002%, Myristic Acid, Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Paulitin, Alpha Pinene 16%, Phenylcarbonic acids only found in the embryonic stage of growth, Polyacetylenes, 3 Polyines, Proaculene, Psilostachyin C, Quercetin, Quercetin-glycoside, Quercitrin, Rutin, Sabinene 12%,Salicylic Acid, Salicylates (SA), Schaftoside, Sintenin, Saponins, Sitosterol, Stachydrine, Sterols, Stigmasterol, Succinic Acid, Swertisin, Tannin condensed 2.8% (plant), Taraxasterol, Terpinen-4-ol 0.001%-0.043%, Terpinene 0.0003%-0.013%, Terpineol, Thujone, Tricosane, Trigonelline, Umbelliferone, Viburnitol, Vicenin 2 and 3. Sesquiterpene lactones, including alpha-peroxyachifolid and others, have been determined. Sesquiterpenoids, Antitumor Achimillic acids A, B, and C, and alpha-methylene sesquiterpene lactones have also been isolated from yarrow.

The Alkaloids: achiceine, achilletin, betaine, betonicine, choline, moschatine, stachydrine, and trigonelline have been found in yarrow. Among the amino acids are alanine, histidine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and lysine. Other components found in yarrow include polyacetylenes, coumarins (± 0.35%), tannins (3% to 4%), and sugars (dextrose, glucose, mannitol, sucrose).


Plant Stem Cell Therapy Indications:


Hematology (Bipolar- Biphasic) Oncology:


‘P’ A blood-purifier. Stimulates blood renewal with a beneficial effect on bone marrow. Achilleine arrests internal and external bleeding. Hemostatic. Stops bleeding of Lungs and Stomach. Decrease blood clotting time by 32%. Provides a temporary Styptic. Hemostasis persisted for 45 minutes with no toxic effect. Achilletin has also reduced coagulation time. Yarrow’s sesquiterpenoids, achimillic acids, to be active against mouse leukemia cells in vivo. Apigenin decreased in the protein expression of Bcl-2 protein, which is an anti-apoptotic factor. Apigenin induced p53 expression which caused cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Antitumor Achimillic acids A, B, and C. The compounds were found to be active against mouse P-388 leukemia cells in vivo. (Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1994 May;42(5):1096-100). Achillea millefolium L. in the production of hydrogen peroxide and tumor necrosis factor-α was able to stimulate peritoneal macrophages to produce H2O2 and TNF-Alpha without causing an overproduction of these compounds. It is suggested that the herbal extract of Achillea Millefolium can modulate macrophages activation. (Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences vol. 41, n. 3, jul./set., 2005).


Gi-Digestive Hepatology:


‘P’ Carminative. Spasmolytic activities Azulene antispasmodic activity relieved GI ailments such as diarrhea, flatulence, and cramping, significant relief in chronic colic and dyspepsia. Yarrow reduces the excessive build up of acid in the stomach. Aglycones, Quercetin, Luteolin and Apigenin activities mainly by blockade of the calcium inward current, but additionally also by mediator-antagonistic effects. Spasmolytic or antispasmodic refer to a substance used to relieve or prevent spasms especially of the smooth muscles. Relaxes the Sphincter Muscles. Diarrhea, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Lack of Appetite, Dysentery, Enteritis, Peptic Ulcers, Bleeding Hemorrhoids. Various Hepatic disorders. Aids the function of the liver and gallbladder. Cholagogue Luteolin-7-O-beta-d-glucuronide stimulates and increases bile flow effectively. Choleresis was two-to three-folds higher than that of cynarin. Possesses significant anthelmintic activity. Inhibits 50% Parasite growth Trypanosoma cruzi.


ENT:


Therapeutic prophylactic benefits is against colds and flu – and with the cold and flu season Yarrow a great adjuvant when added to Black Elder. Start using yarrow the minute you suspect you have a cold coming on. Take 10 drops every 2 hours till symptoms aborted. DO NOT WAIT. Time is of the essence; failure to take action at the first signs could result in having an unnecessary cold. Head congestion, accompanied by severe pain, giddiness, nausea, running and weeping eyes, sharp pain the eyes and nose bleeds. Breaks a cold. Bronchitis. Yarrow has been scientifically proven effective against all Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. A small spray bottle of the tincture of the embryonic plant are used to spray the inside of the nose, lying in wait to kill all bacteria. Spraying the tincture in your nose does sting a little and makes the eyes water, but don’t dilute it – the alcohol is antibacterial too. Pain-relieving astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory action.

Yarrow contains several substances, which are probably responsible for the anticold activity reported by those that use it. The plant contains sesquiterpene lactones including achillin, achillifolin, millefin, dihydroparthenolide, and balchanolide. These substances stimulate the digestive function, and are thought to stimulate the immune system. The stimulated immune system is then better able to fight off the cough or cold. Achillein, another constituent, acts on the blood vessels restricting blood flow to the mucous membrane. The substance is thought to make the mucous membrane less permeable to virus and bacteria and to reduce inflammation of the mucous producing membrane. It also contains azulene, an oil that reduces inflammation of the mucous membrane and body temperature.

Allergies, Inhibits IL-4 and IL-13 synthesis by allergen- or anti-IgE-antibody-stimulated basophils.


Immunological System:


Human autoimmune T cells. Decreased pro-inflammatory cytokine production by LPS-stimulated PBMC upon in vitro incubation with the flavonoids apigenin, or luteolin, due to selective elimination of monocytes and macrophages. Immune system and host resistance. Glycosylated derivatives of caffeic acid are responsible for different biological activities such as suppression of humoral and cellular immunity. The residue of methanol extract of A. millefolium was rich of this component therefore it could be inhibitor of the immune system. (Sasaki H, Nishimura H, Morota T, Chin M, Mitsuhashi H, Komatso Y, Maruyama H, Tu GR, Wei H, Xiong YL. Immunosuppressive principle of Rehmannia glutinosa var.hueichingensis. Planta Med. 1989; 55: 458- 462).


Infectious Diseases:


‘P’ One of nature’s best diaphoretic-sudorific (to induce sweating) and lowers temperature (anti-pyretic). Yarrow’s antimicrobial actions have also been documented. In vitro fungistatic effect from the essential oil has been proven. Similar to Penicillin. Also exhibited marked activity against Staphylococcal. aureus and C. albicans. Antibacterial actions have also been demonstrated against B. subtillus , E. coli, Shigella sonnei , and flexneri.


OBGYN/Reproductive System:


‘P’ Reduce heavy menstrual bleeding and regulates menstrual cycle and pain. Menorrhagia, Alleviates Dysmenorrhea, Shrinks Fibroids and Relieves Menopausal Hot Flashes. Vaginal Itch. Inflammation of the Ovaries, Uterine Prolapse, Uterine Fibroids, Arrests Internal and External Bleeding during Childbirth, Contraceptive, Emmenagogue, Abortifacient. Decreases the risk of Ovarian and Cervical Cancers (International Journal of Cancer, April 2009).


Neurological – Nervous System:


‘P’ Cerebral thrombosis. CNS-depressant activity and sedative actions. Mild Antidepressant-like effects of apigenin. Neuritis. Migraine headache caused by weather changes. Chamazulene is a natural profen with anti-inflammatory activity its similarity to fully synthetic ibuprofen drug substances. Chamazulene (cyclic sesquiterpenes): Analgesic; Antiallergic; Antiinflammatory; Antileukotriene; Potent Antioxidant; Antipyretic; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic; Pesticide; Vulnerary. Inhibitor of leukotriene B4 formation.


Cardio Vascular System:


‘P’ Angina pectoris. Coronary thrombosis, to lower high blood pressure, to improve circulation, and to tone varicose veins.


Endocrine System:


‘P’ Diabetes, 27 marked hypoglycemic and glycogen-sparing properties. inhibits xanthine oxidase, aromatase Inhibitor an enzyme of the cytochrome P450 family. Antispermatogenic effect contraceptive.


Dermatology Allergy:


‘P’ Skin for wounds, cuts and abrasions, stop bleeding helping a scab to form. Skin ulcers. Chamazulene, a constituent in yarrow has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergenic properties, regenerating skin effects. As a constituent in medicated baths to remove perspiration. Take internally or apply directly to hives to quell inflammation and pain associated with swollen tissues. Detoxifies tissues of cellular waste. Achillea Millefolium has reported used in the following product types: facial moisturizer/treatment; conditioner; moisturizer; shampoo; facial cleanser; body wash/cleanser; antiperspirant/deodorant; liquid hand soap; bath oil/salts/soak; styling gel/lotion.


Veterinary:


‘P’ Paw edema topical applications.


Psychiatry:


‘P’ For the individuals who feel “vulnerable “able susceptible to be wounded” to the influences of others and their environment. It “knits together” an overly porous aura – the envelope of vital energy that surrounds and protects the body. It encourages a healthy sense of Self, imparting strength, integrity, and clarity of consciousness.


Musculoskeletal System:


Salicylic acid also lowers the body’s levels of inflammatory prostaglandins – hormone-like substances that promote pain and inflammation. The scientists found that diclofenac improved swelling and pain in 47 per cent of the animals, whereas Achillea performed slightly better at 48 per cent. Not only did Achillea’s effects rival those of diclofenac, it is also far safer than conventional anti-inflammatories like this one, which can cause unpleasant side effects such as nausea, vomiting and indigestion. Relieve joint pain – apply four to five drops and massage into the affected area several times a day. Rheumatic pains, reduces inflammation. Muscle spasms. Is the anti-inflammatory activity mediated by protease inhibition. Inhibition of neutrophil elastase (HNE) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and -9) Chamazulene is a natural profenwith anti-inflammatory activity its similarity to fully synthetic ibuprofen drug substances. Chamazulene (cyclic sesquiterpenes): Analgesic; Antiallergic; Antiinflammatory; Antileukotriene; Potent Antioxidant; Antipyretic; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic; Pesticide; Vulnerary. Inhibitor of leukotriene B4 formation.


Environmental:


‘A’ To strengthen and protect against toxic environmental influences, geopathic stress, and other hazards of technology-dominated modern life. This includes the disruptive effects of radiation on human energy fields from X-rays, televisions, computer monitors, electromagnetic fields, airplane flights or nuclear fall-out.


Dental:


‘A’ Styptic and Vulnerary. A rinse with 15-30 drops into ¼ cup water of mouthwash twice a day for a period of three months for chronic biofilms chronic bacterial infections. Alleviate toothache. Pyorrhea or periodontitis refers to an advanced stage of periodontal disease in which the ligaments and bones that support the teeth become inflamed and infected.


Renal – Urogenital:


‘A’ Cystitis. Diuretic actions. Anti-edematous. Block the formation of uric acid leading to beneficial effects in gout. Blood in the urine.

Contraindications : Photosensitive. Avoid the use of Yarrow during pregnancy. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Purpura ITP. Interactions: Anticoagulants (blood thinners), blood pressure lowering drugs, photosensitizers, and herbs and supplements with similar effects.

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